What is Eid al-Fitr and what food do people eat on this day?


MUSLIMS around the world are preparing to celebrate for the end of Ramadan.

This will also bring an end to their month-long fast, with food top of the agenda during the celebrations.

Eid al-Fitr is celebrated the day after the crescent moon is sighted

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Eid al-Fitr is celebrated the day after the crescent moon is sightedCredit: Getty Images – Getty

What is Eid al-Fitr?

Eid al-Fitr – also known as Festival of Breaking the Fast – is a religious Islamic holiday that coincides with the end of Ramadan.

It is celebrated largely due to bringing at end to fasting, which is observed during daylight hours for a month.

Eid is also the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal, but it changes every year.

Eid al-Fitr is celebrated the day after the crescent moon during Ramadan month – as it means that the new moon will present in the sky that evening.

The day itself has a long history, originating from the Islamic prophet Muhammad, with some traditions believing they were initiated in Medina after his migration to Mecca, which dates back to 622 AD.

Muslims celebrate the day with a specific salat – or Islamic prayer – which has two rakats (units).

Although this is generally performed in a congregation in an open field or large field, many have had to change their plans due to the ongoing coronavirus.

What food is eaten on Eid al-Fitr?

Food is also a huge staple of this celebration.

These tend to be of a more sweeter nature, with Eid al-Fitr also dubbed “sweet Eid”.

There are a wide range of foods eaten on this day, largely depending on where in the world it is being celebrated.

However, some of the favourites include:

  • Boeber – A sweet milk drink made by cooking vermicelli with dates, originating in South Africa
  • Ghraybeh – These are a Middle Eastern shortbread cookie, which contain a pistachio on the top
  • Sohan Asali – This is an Iranian pastry or sweet, made with honey, sugar, saffron, almond or other nuts
  • Ma’amoul – Another cookie, this time filled with dates
  • Tajine – This Maghrebi dish consists of a slow-cooked stew with vegetables and sauces mixed with meats like beef and chicken
  • Cambaabur – This is a Somali bread that is topped with sugar especially for Eid al-Fitr, and served with yoghurt on top





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